The "Paris Agreement" for Shipping
The shipping industry fully supports the COP 21 Paris Climate Agreement aiming to tackle climate change and believes that the sector must globally play its fair part in reducing CO2 emissions. By having adopted the high level strategy for the further reduction of shippings' greenhouse gas emissions at MEPC 72 (April 2018), it is clear that the shipping industry is committed to develop CO2 reductions across the world merchant fleet that are both ambitious and realistic.
The agreed IMO objective of cutting the sector's total greenhouse gas by at least 50% by 2050, as part of a continuing pathway of further reduction is very ambitious. This 50% reduction can only be achieved with the development and widespread use of zero carbon fuels. ECSA believes zero emissions is achievable, provided that governments acknowledge the enormity of this challenge and take active steps to help facilitate the development of new propulsion technologies and the massive investment in bunkering infrastructure that will be required when zero carbon fuels are eventually to be made available on a worldwide basis.
At MEPC 73, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) adopted an Action Plan for the development of short term measures that will deliver additional CO2 reductions before 2023 plus longer term measures that will eventually achieve full decarbonisation of international shipping within this century. With this action Plan agreed, the way is now open to make detailed proposals for specific CO2 reduction measures at the next MEPC in May 2019. The international shipping industry will come forward with detailed ideas, potentially including new and innovative measures for long term CO2 reduction and the development of zero CO2 fuels.
The data collection systems
Amendments to MARPOL Annex VI on Data collection system for fuel oil consumption of ships, adopted by resolution MEPC.278(70), entered into force on 1 March 2018. Ships of 5,000 gross tonnage and above are required to collect consumption data for each type of fuel oil they use, as well as other specified data including proxies for transport work. The aggregated data is reported to the flag State after the end of each calendar year. The flag State then issues a Statement of Compliance to the ship. Flag States are required to subsequently transfer this data to an IMO Ship Fuel Oil Consumption Database. IMO will be required to produce an annual report to MEPC, summarizing the data collected.
The IMO Ship Fuel Oil Consumption Database has been launched as a new module within the Global Integrated Shipping Information System (GISIS) platform and that Member States now have access to the Database.
In 2019, the European Commission is expected to publish its initiative to revise the regulation to monitor, report and verify (MRV) CO2 emissions from shipping. ECSA firmly believes that this revision should align the MRV regulation with the IMO framework. This will ensure that European shipping will be covered by a single system, in an efficient manner, avoiding unnecessary duplication of work.